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India-Belarus Relations
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India-Belarus Bilateral Relations 

India’s relations with Belarus have been traditionally warm and cordial. India was one of the first countries to recognize Belarus as independent country in 1991. Formal diplomatic relations were established and the Indian diplomatic mission was opened in Minsk in1992 followed by Belarus in 1998 in New Delhi. Belarus opened its Honorary Consulate in Kolkata opened in December 2002.

Bilateral relations between India and Belarus are marked by broad understanding on issues of mutual interest. The two countries enjoy a comprehensive partnership and have established mechanisms for exchanging views on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues through Foreign Office Consultations, Intergovernmental Commission (IGC), and Joint Commission on Military Technical Cooperation. The last FOC (5th Session) was held in Nov 2016 in Minsk. The 8th IGC meeting was held in New Delhi in July 2017. The two countries have signed a number of Agreements/MoUs on various subjects, namely, trade and economic cooperation, culture, education, media and sports, S&T, foreign office consultations, IGC, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Promotion and Protection of Investments, and also Defence and Technical cooperation.

Both countries have exchanged high level visits at regular intervals.  Hon'ble President's State Visit in June 2015 to Minsk, the first presidential visit from India to Belarus, has further enhanced the existing bilateral relations.  During the visit, 6 official MoUs for cooperation in areas such as broadcasting, standardization, textiles, and financial securities were signed and a Roadmap for future cooperation was exchanged.  Hon'ble President of Belarus visited India in 1997, 2007 and 2017. 

The two countries enjoy good understanding and cooperation in the international, multilateral and regional matters with a commonality of views on almost all international and regional issues. Belarus has been supportive of India’s candidature for a permanent seat at the UNSC. Belarus supported India’s candidature for the non-permanent seat of UNSC for the years 2011-12. Belarus also supported India at the NSG meeting in Seoul in April 2016. India's support to Belarus for its membership in the NAM and also other international and multilateral fora like IPU have been appreciated by Belarus.  India's supportive stand on various Resolutions in Geneva and New York targeting Belarus for violation of human rights and restrictions on freedom of expression have also been appreciated by Belarus. Belarus recognizes India as an emerging global power and seeks to develop a “strategic relationship” with India.

Bilateral trade between the two countries remains modest.  Two-way bilateral trade in 2017 amounted to US$ 455 million. The trade balance remains in favour of Belarus primarily on account of imports of Potash.  Indian PSU, BHEL, was awarded a contract worth US$ 55.5 million under GoI's credit line for the Grodno Power Project-II.  The project completed in 2013 and is running well. A Digital Learning Centre in ICT at High Technology Park in Minsk set up with India's Rs. 5 Crore credit line began operating in February 2011 and was formally inaugurated in January 2012.  Belarus played an important role in the setting up of the Advance Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials in Hyderabad in 1991. 

In 2011, BelAZ signed an MoU with an Indian company Enrika for establishing a joint venture for servicing the Belarusian dumper trucks in India. Belarus participated in the India International Trade Fair in November 2012 as ‘Partner Country’ and again in 2016 as focus country.  Belarusian Trade Minister visited Mumbai in February 2016 to participate in the ‘Make in India’ conference. The 10th Session of India-Belarus Joint Business Council was held in New Delhi in Nov 2016. Cooperation in science and technology and defence is an important aspect of India-Belarus bilateral relations.  

Belarus is a partner in the ITEC Program of the Ministry of External Affairs since 1993.  Till March 2018, over 304 Belarusian professionals have benefited under the Program through various professional courses in designated institutions in India.

The Indian Community in Belarus consists of around 100 Indian nationals and 460 Indian students pursuing studies in medicine in State medical universities in Belarus.  Indian art and culture, dance, yoga, Ayurved, films, etc. remain popular among Belarusian  nationals. 

Ambassador of India in Belarus: H.E. Ms. Sangeeta Bahadur

Ambassador of Belarus in India: H.E. Mr. Vitaly Prima 


April  2018


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